Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution and quality of our water resources. Florida is a wetland state with more than 29% of its’ land area covered with lakes, streams, swamps, ponds, and estuaries. Florida has a greater percentage of its land area covered by wetlands than any of the lower 48 states.
The Water Cycle is a continuous recycling of water through the evaporation of water from the surface of land and transpiration of water through plants to the atmosphere and then as rain falling to the ground and eventual seepage into the ground. We could not live without the supply of fresh and continuous water supplies. Hydrologists study the cycle of water through our systems and report on its quantity, distribution and quality.
Hydrologist’s advise water managers like the South Florida Water Management District and Environmental Protection Agency about the movement of water through our land and underground aquifers. They also test the quality of water for contaminants and toxins that may be coming from several sources such as storm runoff that contains pesticides, fertilizers, industrial waste and human and animal wastes.
For a more complete description of Hydrology and what Hydrologists do visit The U.S. Geological Survey website.