Longnose gar

Longnose Gar

Longnose Gar







The Longnose Gar also known as the Needle Nose Gar is an interesting fish because of its looks and history. It is a long and narrow fish with a long and thin snout with needle like teeth that help to catch it’s prey. It feeds upon smaller fish and a host of other organisms such as frogs, turtles, snakes and small mammals. The Baltimore National Aquarium has a good picture and information about this fish.  The Longnose Gar is olive-brown in color with brownish spots covering it’s body except for a silvery-whitish belly. It is found in the Mississippi basin and in states bordering the Gulf of Mexico. It inhabits mostly brackish slow moving bodies of water including rivers and canals. The Baltimore National Aquarium states that this fish is referred to a living fossil because the fossilized remains of this species of fish date back 145-66 million years ago during the Cretaceous Period. It was during this time in earth’s history that climate change occurred with global warming, rising sea levels and the establishment of many inland sea’s on the North American Continent. This is probably the reason that many fresh and brackish water fish species evolved and flourished during this time. I took a picture of this Longnose Gar while bicycling along the John Yarbrough Ten Mile Canal which increases in depth and movement during our summer rains. It was just sitting there almost motionless probably waiting for it’s next meal or resting. It didn’t seem to mind me getting close to take a picture.


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