Scientific Classification – Taxonomy

Scientific Classification

Classification of all living things also called Taxonomy was started by a Swedish scientist named Carl Linnaeus who lived in the early 1700’s. He was interested in plants or botony and was fascinated by the differences and similarities of the plants he studied. Today we have a hierarchy or list of classifications of life on earth that starts with the broadest definitions or Domains which is composed of 3 classes, Archaea, Bacteria and Eukaryotes. These domains are further subdivided into 5 kingdoms of life whose names we are mostly familiar with, Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists and Monera (bacteria). These five kingdoms of life have then been categorized into smaller groups which branch off into various forms of life starting with the largest to smallest, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and finally Species. In some caes there are subspecies of an organism such as the Florida Panther, (P.ccoryi). The scientific name for a living organism, plant, animal, fungi, etc. is given in Latin since that was the language used by scientists who developed the Binomial nomenclature system for naming living things. The first word is the Genus of an organism and is capitalized and the second term is the species of the organism and is in lower case. I have given the scientific classification for most of the wildlife and plants that I have in this website unless I wasn’t sure what species is belonged to. The Scientific Classification for a Florida Panther is:

Kingdom                           Animalia

Phylum                              Chordata

Class                                   Mammalia

Order                                 Carnivore

Family                                 Felidae

Genus                                 Puma

Species                                P. concolor

subspecies                          P.c.coryi

 

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